There are a number of title deeds in Thailand so you should be careful when buying property. If you are looking at property with the same type of title deed in the West, then the Chanote in Thailand is what you would need. There are a number of other title deed and we have explained this below. Always take legal advice from a property lawyer in Thailand before you deposit money for property.
The Chanote title deed also known as a Nor Sor Si Jor in Thailand is what most foreigners would buy. There are no restrictions on this type of title deed as it has been measured and demarcated by the Land Department in Thailand. Even though it is similar to a title deed in the West you will have to have a due diligence study done on the title deed itself. If someone has lived on the land for more than 10 years and you have not removed them then they can apply to the Land Department to review the Chanote. This would be similar to squatter rights in the West. Also note that when Thailand embarked onto its land reform program there had been Chanote title deeds that could not be sold or transferred for 10 years. The land that had been given to people, the government did not want them to sell the property but to keep the property.
It is always best to speak to a property lawyer in Thailand before you buy property in Thailand. The following is a breakdown of the title deeds in Thailand.
Sor Kor Nung, if you are going to buy land in the rural parts of Thailand for your Thai wife then this type of title deed is one you should not buy as it is mainly for occupation rights only. This type of land cannot be upgraded to a better title deed.
Nor Sor Song, much like the title deed above this land is also mainly for occupation of the land. This land however cannot be sold or transferred except by inheritance even after you had upgraded the land. This is another title deed to stay far away from when buying in Thailand.
Nor Sor Saam, is a title deed in Thailand that as yet has not had it borders demarcated by the Land Department. This is also a title deed you do now want as it can be costly to upgrade and there is a 30-day public notice condition before it gets sold. This is mainly to ensure that your neighbors are informed of the sale as the borders have not been demarcated.
Nor Sor Saam Gor, is similar to the title deed above but its border has now been demarcated. It’s an upgrade the to land title deed above. This is still not a title deed you would want to buy.
Nor Sor Saam Khor, this is an upgrade to the title deed above it but still not worth the effort to upgrade this to a Chanote.
Always consult a property lawyer before you buy or deal in property in Thailand.